DISTINGUISHING FLAGS AND SIGNALS
1. In Commission - The distinguishing marks of a yacht in commission, other than the yacht ensign, are a burgee and private signal, or a Flag Officer's flag. Under way, the yacht ensign should be displayed at the mizzen peak of three-masted yachts, of ketches and of yawls, and at the main peak of other yachts, except that all yachts may display the ensign from the staff at the stern. At anchor, the ensign should be displayed from a staff at the stern of all yachts. When under way, single-masted yachts, other than ketches and yawls, should fly the Owner's private signal at the main truck; when at anchor, the burgee. On ketches and yawls, the private signal should be flown at the mizzen and the burgee on the main. Power yachts, having a single or signal mast only, should fly the Owner's private signal or burgee as prescribed for single-masted yachts; the staff at the bow, if any, may be used for the burgee except when prescribed by routine for the jack. On other yachts, the burgee is flown at the fore truck, the private signal at the main. The flags named in Article VII, Section 5 of the By-Laws are flown at the main truck both day and night. On a mastless yacht, the distinguishing flag is flown at the loftiest or most conspicuous hoist. The ensign should never be "made up" and "broken out".
2. Distinguishing Signals, Pennants, etc. - Distinguishing signals, pennants, etc., will be found described in the By-Laws, Article VI, Section 3, and Article VII, Section 5.
3. Jack - When prescribed by routine, a yacht should fly the national union jack.
4. Absent Signal - The absent signal is a rectangular blue flag by day and a blue light by night.
5. Owner's Meal Signal - The Owner's meal signal is a rectangular white flag by day and a white light by night.
6. Guest Flag - The guest flag is a rectangular blue flag (same as absent signal) with a white stripe running diagonally across from the head.
7. Crew's Meal signal - The crew's meal signal is a red pennant. The absent and meal signals and guest flag are not considered
8. Club Launch's Signal - To call the Club launch, the letter "T" should be hoisted from daylight until dark, and a red light should be shown at night. Three blasts on the fog-horn may also be sounded.
1. Rank - In making colors, salutes, etc., the yacht always represents the rank of its owner, whether he be aboard or not.
2. Flag Officers - A Flag Officer should always fly his flag while his yacht is in commission, except when he is on a cruise with another club of which he is a member.
3. In Commission - A yacht in commission should make colors at 8 a.m. and haul down at sunset, taking time from the Senior Officer present.
4. In company with a United States Vessel, etc. - When in company with a vessel of the United States Navy, or at anchor off a United States Naval Station, the Senior Officer should give the time for colors with such vessel or station.
5. Off the Anchorage of Another Club - The time for colors in the home anchorage of another club should be taken from its Senior Officer present, subject to paragraph 4.
6. Entering Port Before or After Colors - When a yacht comes to anchor, or gets under way, her colors should be hoisted, although the time is earlier or later than that specified in paragraph 3, provided there be sufficient light for the colors to be recognized. On entering the harbor under such circumstances, the colors should be hauled down immediately after anchoring. At other times, all yachts except flagships should fly, between sunset and morning colors, a night pennant at the main.
7. Ensign Displayed at Sea - Unless there are good reasons to the contrary, the ensign should, when at sea, be displayed on falling in with ships of war, and on approaching lightships, lighthouses, signal stations, military posts or towns.
8. Half-Mast Colors - On occasions of national mourning, the ensign only should be half-masted. On the death of a yacht owner, the burgee and his private signal, but not the ensign, should be half-masted. When mourning is ordered for the death of a member, the burgee only should be half-masted. This rule should apply to a yacht both at anchor and under way, and to the Club stations.
9. Colors; How Half-Masted - In half-masting colors, they should, if not previously hoisted, be first mast-headed and then lowered to half-mast. Before lowering from half-mast, colors should first be mast-headed and then lowered. When the ensign is at half-mast, it should be mast-headed before making or returning a salute.
10. The Jack; When Displayed - The jack should be set on Sundays, on all ceremonial occasions and when the Senior Officer present has it set. When displayed, the jack should be set on a staff at the bow. The jack should not be set when awnings are housed; when wash clothes are triced up, or when under way, except as provided in Section VII, Paragraph 4 ("Dressing Ship").
11. Unofficial Presence of Flag Officer - A Flag Officer embarked in a boat, not flying his distinctive flag should be considered as present in an unofficial capacity.
12. The burgee and private signal should never be flown on the same hoist.
ABSENT AND MEAL SIGNALS
1. Absent Signal - When an owner is absent, leaving no guest on board, his yacht when at anchor should hoist the absent signal at the starboard main spreader; the displaying of this signal when under way is optional with the owner. An absent signal or guest flag does not exempt a yacht from the observance of the Club routine (see paragraph 5).
2. Guest Flag - When an owner is absent, leaving guests on board, his yacht may hoist the guest flag at the starboard main spreader instead of an absent signal (see paragraph 5).
3. Owner's Meal Signal - During an owner's meal hour, his yacht should hoist the specified signal at the starboard main spreader (see paragraph 5).
4. Crew's Meal Signal - During the crew's meal hours, the specified signal should be flown at the port fore spreader of a yacht with two or more masts and at the port spreader of single-masted yachts (see paragraph 5).
5. Square Rigged Yachts - In a square-rigged yacht, the owner's absent or meal signals or guest flag should be hoisted at the starboard main yardarm, and the crew's meal signal at the port fore yardarm.
6. Meal Signals Under Way - Meal signals may be hoisted when the colors are not displayed, but never when under way.
7. Committee Boat - On a yacht acting as a committee boat, the Regatta Committee flag should be hoisted at the main truck underneath the private signal or Flag Officer flag, or on the signal yard, should the yacht be a power or steam yacht rigged with a signal mast and yard.
1. Commodore - At anchor from sunset until sunrise, the Commodore should show two blue lights hung vertically at the stern.
2. Vice Commodore - The Vice Commodore should show lights, as provided for the Commodore, substituting red lights for blue.
3. Rear Commodore - The Rear Commodore should show lights, as provided for the Commodore, substituting white lights for blue.
4. Absent Signal - When a yacht is at anchor and the owner is absent, a blue light should after dark be shown at the starboard main spreader in a fore-and-aft rigged yacht and at the starboard main yardarm in a squarerigged yacht.
5. Searchlights - A searchlight should be carefully handled, and its beam should never be thrown on the pilot house or on the helmsman of a yacht or boat under way.
6. Boat Booms - Boat booms should be rigged in at night, but if rigged out, a white light should be shown at the boom end.
7. All boats riding by a stern line should show a white light.
Guns should be used only for "colors", for drawing attention to signals and as hereinafter provided.
1. Steam Whistles - Steam whistles should never be used in saluting.
2. Guns - Gun salutes should be avoided as much as possible.
3. Ensigns - All salutes, except as hereinafter provided, should be made by dipping the ensign once. A salute is acknowledged dip for dip.
4. Vessels of the United States Navy - Vessels of the United States Navy should be saluted by dipping the ensign once.
5. Commodore - On all occasions, except as provided in Section IX, paragraph 1 ("Annual Cruise"), the Commodore should, on coming to anchor, be saluted with one gun by the Officer in Command of the anchorage. This salute should be answered in kind by the Commodore. All other yachts present should dip the ensign once. (See Section VIII.)
6. Junior Flag Officer - A Junior Flag Officer should, when coming to anchor, be saluted by the Officer in Command of the anchorage, by dipping the ensign once, unless the latter be senior in rank, in which case, the junior should salute first.
7. Captains - A Captain should salute the Senior Officer present by dipping the ensign once, either before or when the yacht comes to anchor.
8. Passing - The salute for passing yachts is one dip of the ensign.
9. Committee Boat - A committee boat should neither salute nor be saluted during a race.
10. Saluting Another Club - On arriving at the home anchorage of another club, a yacht should, on coming to anchor, salute by dipping the ensign once. After the tender of civilities has been received, the owner of the entering yacht should visit the Officer in Command of the anchorage.
11. During Official Visit of a Flag Officer - When a Flag Officer makes an official visit, his flag, if senior, should be hoisted at the fore of a yacht with two or more masts, and at the main of a single-masted yacht, the burgee being hauled down. The Flag Officer's flag should be kept flying while he remains on board, and when leaving and well clear of the yacht, one gun should be fired and his flag hauled down.
12. Saluting Quarter-Deck - When a yacht is boarded or left, the quarter-deck should be saluted by touching the cap.
13. Distinguished Visitors - When a distinguished visitor of another nationality visits a yacht, his nation's ensign should, if possible, be displayed at the fore, on a yacht with two or more masts; and at the main, on a singlemasted yacht, the Club burgee being hauled down.
14. Personal Flags of Officials - A yacht should display the personal flag of the President, Secretary and Assistant Secretary of the Navy; the national colors for the members of the Cabinet and the Chief Justice of the United States; the personal flag of a nation, state or municipal officer, when such official is on board, at the fore on a yacht with two or more masts, and at the main on a single-masted yacht, the Club burgee being hauled down.
1. General Rule - In dressing ship, rectangular flags should alternate with pennants on the distance line whenever possible.
2. Distinctive Flags and Foreign Ensigns - Flag Officers' flags and burgees should not be used in dressing ship, nor should the ensign of any foreign national be displayed, except when the dressing is in compliment to such nation. On this occasion, the foreign ensign should be displayed at the fore-truck but not beneath any other flag or signal. When a yacht is dressed, the ensign should be displayed in lowered boats.
3. National Anniversaries - On the Fourth of July, and when ordered on other national anniversaries, a yacht in commission, not under way, should, when the weather permits, dress ship at 8 a.m. and remain dressed until sunset. When said anniversaries occur on Sunday, all special ceremonies may be postponed to the following day.
4. On special occasions, such as marine parades, a steam yacht under way, or a sailing yacht under tow may dress ship.
OFFICERS IN COMMAND OF ANCHORAGE
1. Duties - The Senior Officer present should (except in the home waters of a foreign club) command the anchorage, give the time for colors, make and return salutes, visits, etc. At Marblehead, unless a Flag Officer is present, the Club House, when in commission, will give the time for colors, make and return salutes, etc.
2. Station Vessel - The Senior Officer's yacht should remain the station vessel until a senior in rank arrives and assumes command of the anchorage.
3. Transfer of Command - When a Senior Officer transfers the command he should, as he gets under way, fire one gun. This should be answered in kind by the Officer assuming command of the anchorage.
4. Ship's Bells - Time should always be taken from the flagship or the Senior Officer's yacht present. If in company with a naval vessel, time should be taken from that vessel.
1. Commodore's Salute - On joining the squadron at the rendezvous, the Commodore should, on coming to anchor, be saluted by the Officer in Command firing one gun, all other yachts present to follow by firing one gun or dipping the ensign once. This salute will be returned by the Commodore firing one gun. Yachts arriving after the Commodore has assumed command should dip the ensign once either on passing the flagship or on coming to anchor. When the squadron is disbanded, the Commodore should fire one gun and be answered by the yachts present firing one gun or dipping the ensign once.
2. Joint or Parting Company - After joining the squadron, a yacht should request permission from the flagship or Senior Officer present either orally or by Club code (signal Z) before leaving. A yacht wishing to leave port prior to the harbor start should request permission from the flagship or Senior Officer present either orally or by the Club code (signal X) before leaving.
3. Gun and Other Signals - When with the squadron, guns should not be fired except to call attention to signals, or as provided for in other paragraphs.
4. Squadron Passing at Sea - When squadrons of different clubs meet at sea, salutes should be exchanged by the Senior Officers alone.
5. Salutes from Single Yachts - Salutes from a single yacht at sea should be answered only by the flagship.
6. Burgees on Single-Masted Yachts - Single-masted yachts, while cruising in squadron, should display their private signal when under sail and the Club burgee when at anchor.
7. Harbor Starts - When the flagship signals the harbor start, yachts should acknowledge by displaying the Code (Answering) Pennant at the starboard spreader. The precedence on leaving port should be yachts of Flag Officers in order of rank, except for the Race Committee vessel when proceeding to her station.
"Home Waters" should be understood to mean all waters form Pollock Rip Lightship to Eastport, excluding the home anchorage of other recognized yacht clubs, when such anchorages are not off a station of this Club.
1. Precedence - The order of entering and leaving boats is—juniors enter first and leave last.
2. Boat Flags - When in boats, Flag Officers, the Fleet Captain and Regatta Committee should fly the distinctive flags, Captains their private signals, and members the burgee. The flag of the Senior Officer embarked has precedence. When two boats are approaching the same gangway or landing stage, Flag Officers should have the right of way.
3. Hailing and Answering - Every boat approaching a yacht at night should be hailed, and this hail should be answered promptly. The answer of the Commodore intending to board his own yacht should be "Commodore"; of a Junior Flag Officer, "Flag"; of the Fleet Captain, "Fleet"; of a Captain, the name of his yacht; of a member, "Aye, aye"; of a visitor, "Visitor"; of a sailing master or any other Yacht Officer, "No, no", and of a member of the crew, "Hello". Passing boats should answer "Passing".
4. Boat Crews - Boat crews should be dressed alike and in the prescribed uniform. Neckerchiefs should always be worn, knotted in front, and cap ribbons should not be tucked under.